The River Tay is perhaps the most famous salmon river in the British Isles. It is the largest river in Britain and has the greatest flow in Scotland.
On the River Tay, as in all other rivers in Scotland, the rights to fish for salmon are privately owned by
numerous owners and fishing can be obtained by purchasing a permit from an owner to fish his or her particular stretch. The river is managed by the Tay District Salmon Fisheries Board.
An early depiction of the salmon dating to the Pictish period, can be seen in the Perth Museum, on the famous Inchyra carved stone.
To some extent, angling for salmon had always been practiced for centuries but in the 19th century, it became an increasingly popular sport. The British rod and line caught salmon of 64lbs. was caught on the River Tay by Miss Georgina Ballantine in 1922. This record still stands and the fish is on display at the Perth Museum.
The River Tweed has always been internationally famous for it's salmon fishing, with anglers coming from all over the world to fish it. More salmon is currently caught on the Tweed than from any other river in Britain, and ranks among the very top salmon rivers in the world.
The Tweed is the second longest river in Scotland at 98 miles, with a staggering 1500 sq. miles of catchment area. It regularly produces over 10,000 salmon per year. Visitors not only come for the fishing, but to take-in thousands of years of history. The Tweed River has a long and bloody history, with many famous battles dating back to at least 1018.
GRAND CASCAPEDIA RIVER
One of the world's greatest and most historic salmon rivers.The Cascapedia River is located in the Gaspé Peninsula of the province of Quebec and empties into Baie de la Cascapédia.
In the 1880's, fishing in Canadian rivers was becoming a well established sport that required money and connections to acquire the rights for the priviledge to fish. The Quebec Government felt that by leasing the
river's fishing rights to the highest bidder, they would be making money as well as passing on responsibility of managing the rivers to the leasers. It also meant the American and Canadian anglers would become guardians of the river, willing to spend what it would take to safeguard their investment.
The river has been managed since 1981 by a local coalition called The Cascapedia Society. Although the wealthy Canadian and American anglers who own many of the private camps on the Cascapedia have an enormous impact on the local economy, they have no official representation on the board of the Society.
Just 40 anglers are allowed on 125km of prime salmon fishing each day. The average salmon caught is 20 lb.
One of Scotland's big four salmon rivers, some say the river Spey is probably the most famous salmon river in the world. It's major attraction is it's size and the strength of it's stream. In the middle and lower river it falls on average 12ft. per mile- the greatest of any British river.
It is on the lower half of the Spey that the most famous beats are, and where the cream of Scottish salmon fishing is to be had, by those fortunate enough to have access to them. There are several angling associations on the Spey, who control some excellent beats, many of them available to the visiting angler.
Spey Casting was developed on the River Spey due to the dense vegetation on it's banks and the erratic winds. Not only do you minimize the line carried behind you, but with a two-hand rod, less effort is required to cast. Being longer, two-handed rods manage and control the fly line better. Spey rods can handle longer lengths of line and changing direction of cast is easier.
NEW BRUNSWICK, CANADA
Starting in the 19th century, salmon angling gained in popularity until it reached a multi-million dollar business in the mid to latter part of the 20th century. The river has drawn the rich and famous eager to find
refuge from hectic paces, in the tranquility of a Miramichi salmon pool. Some say the river is the greatest Atlantic Salmon river in the world.
The Miramichi river valley system in New Brunswick is comprised of 37 major tributaries containing 7,700 individual streams. The river meander length measures about 250 km and comprises two important branches, the Southwest Miramichi and the Northwest Miramichi.
Many stretches of the main rivers and tributaries are privately owned or leased by fishing clubs and camps, and well-established outfitters and guides. "People water" that is available to all is very limited. Some outfitters specialize in re-creating the ambience and charm of the legendary fishing camps of the 1920's and 1930's.
Angling is restricted to fly fishing only and all large salmon caught must be released alive to protect the spawning population. About one-half of the sport catch Atlantic Salmon in North America are landed on the Miramichi and it's tributaries currently.
It has been called the "Silver Dee," and it fully deserves that title. Many would say that it is the most attractive of all the larger Scottish salmon rivers, as well as one of the most prolific in fish. It is a lovely, tumbling, fast flowing river of crystal clear water, so clear that it is often hard to estimate its depth. For the whole of its
course, the Dee has practically every advantage that could be desired in a salmon river.
One of the top four British salmon rivers,the River Dee has the reputation as one of the greatest salmon rivers, and anglers come from all over the world to fish it. Since as early as the 17th century, anglers have fished the River Dee.
The Dee is one of the earliest producing rivers in Scotland and takes great pride in the fact that it produces more spring fish caught to the fly than many others in Britain.
In far northern Norway, so far north that the Arctic Circle is 300 miles to the south, runs a river that is legendary among sports anglers. Its name is the Alta, and its claim is the biggest salmon in the world.
The river is remote. It plunges through a steep, rock strewn gorge that has not a single road, bridge, telephone pole or any other sign of civilization to mar its rugged beauty.
It is exclusive, closed to the public most of the summer. Those who fish it(limited to 10 along 34 miles at any one time) reputedly pay $15,000 per week. The Alta's exclusivity goes back about 150 years, when the first English nobility found it far superior to their own streams. Since then, a procession of dukes, dutchesses, earls, viscounts, and barons have rented the river.
NEW BRUNSWICK, CANADA
The river is world-renowned for its Atlantic Salmon fishing. Angling has become a significant source of revenue for many outfitters in the region and a 55km stretch of the Restigouche has been designated part of the Canadian Heritage Rivers System.
For more than 100 years, the world's wealthiest people have come to enjoy the river's tranquil beauty and
perfect canoeing conditions to fish for salmon. The river flows across the northwestern part of New Brunswick and the southeastern part of Quebec. Its meander length is approximately 200km.
The New Brunswick government auctions fishing leases for various sections of the river to the highest bidder. Many private fishing lodges have been established, which are owned and operated by major corporations and the wealthy. The leases are time limited and for the best fishing pools, they can run into the millions of dollars.
The general public are permitted right of navigation on the river, however they are not permitted to drop anchor, and absolutely not permitted to fish in any leased area.